Vision Correction & Improvement

Find the information you are looking for by reading through our comprehensive articles of eye procedures.


Astigmatic Keratotomy

Astigmatic Keratotomy is a procedure for correcting astigmatism where incisions are made to the cornea to change its shape to a more spherical one.


Learn about this common type of surgery that may improve your overall appearance. Also, learn about the risks involved, especially if you are considering this procedure for purely aesthetic purposes.

Conductive Keratoplasty

Conductive keratoplasty, or CK, is an alternative to laser surgery for people who are over forty and have hyperopia, astigmatism, or presbyopia. The process uses heat from radio waves instead of a laser to reshape the cornea, enabling the patient to read fine print at arms-length distances.

Corneal Transplant Keratoplasty

While complete eye transplantation is not possible due to the complexity of the human eye and brain, it is possible to transplant the cornea, the transparent tissue in the front of the eye. Corneal transplantation is performed more than 40,000 times each year, but it usually only performed as a last resort, as the procedure […]

Drug-Dispensing Contact Lenses

How Do Drug-Dispensing Contacts Work? Drug-delivery contacts are normal contacts; they can be corrective for nearsightedness or farsightedness, or they can be without corrective power. To make them into a drug-delivery system, polymer films containing the glaucoma drug are added to the lenses via ultraviolet light polymerization. Because the centers of the contact lenses are […]

Eye Enucleation

Perhaps the most difficult decision an ophthalmologist faces is the decision to recommend enucleation—the removal of an eye. This operation is generally recommended in dire circumstances—such as in advanced cases of retinoblastoma, for example—and when there are no other options, or if an eye is blind and painful. A patient who has lost an eye […]


INTACS corneal implants are tiny, crescent-shaped prescription devices made of plastic polymer, which are used as an alternative to laser surgery to improve mild myopia. Studies are now being conducted to determine their usefulness for treating hyperopia and astigmatism. INTACS inserts are surgically implanted in the periphery of the cornea. They are usually not noticeable […]

Intraocular Lenses

A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens. There are many potential causes for cataracts, including diabetes, but the most common cause is age. In fact, more than half of all people either will have a cataract or will have had cataract eye surgery by the time they reach the age of 80. Cataracts […]

LASIK & Laser Eye Surgery

LASIK stands for Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis. LASIK surgery is not right for everyone and requires careful evaluation and consultation. Today, more people are electing to have LASIK to correct their vision as it reduces the need for eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct most common vision problems. LASIK is a quick eye surgery procedure […]


Latisse is the trademarked brand name given to the cosmetic formulation of bimatoprost, a drug that was originally formulated for use in managing ocular hypertension and controlling glaucoma

Oculoplastic Surgery

Oculoplastic surgery is a general term used to represent a variety of procedures that involve the orbit, eyelids, tear ducts, and the face. Ocular reconstructive surgery, aesthetic eyelid surgery, facial plastic surgery, and cosmetic procedures fall into this category.


Orthokeratology is the use of special RGP contact lenses that gradually reshape the cornea to allow people with myopia have some freedom from corrective lenses.

Phakic Intraocular Lenses

For patients who have extreme nearsightedness or farsightedness, it may be possible to implant a phakic intraocular lens in the eye to correct the refractive error without removing the natural lens.

Photorefractive Keratectomy

Photorefractive Keratectomy is a procedure where the epithelium is removed and the surface of the cornea is reshaped according to correction needed.

Protective Eyewear for Athletes

The purpose of protective eyewear is to prevent injuries to the eyes. Contact lenses offer no protection at all, and regular eyeglasses cannot prevent eye injuries.


Vitrectomy is a procedure that involves removing the vitreous humor (the gel-like substance that fills the inside of the eye). In most cases the vitreous is replaced with a saline solution, silicone oil, air, or gas. Why Vitrectomy Is Done Vitrectomy can often improve a patient’s vision, or at least stabilize it, preventing it from […]